Classification
Gaviiformes
Podicipediformes
Pelecaniformes
Ciconiiformes
Phoenicopteriformes
Anseriformes
Falconiformes
Galliformes
Gruiformes
Charadriiformes
Columbiformes
Cuculiformes
Strigiformes
Caprimulgiformes
Apodiformes
Coraciiformes
Upupiformes
Piciformes
Passeriformes
Tetraogallus altaicus


  • Altai Snowcock
  • Tetraogallus altaicus (Gebler, 1836)
  • Galliformes - Phasianidae
  • Алтайн хойлог


Status: Rare species. Endemic. According to the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, the species evaluated as – Near Threatened.


Distribution and Range: Russian Altai, Sayan Range, Siilkhem and eastern Tagnyn range. In Mongolia: Mongol Altai, Govi-Altai Mountains i.e., Tsambagarav, Kharkhiraa, Turgen, Asgat, Khukh Serkh, Munkh Saridag, Sutai, Khuren Khairkhan, Jinst Khairkhan, Khongor Khairkhan, Alag Khairkhan, Jargalant Khairkhan, and Sagil Mountains in Mongol and Gobi-Altai. Khangai, Khan Khukhii and Khovsgol Mountains.


Habitat: Forest-steppe in high mountains, cliffs and rock outcrops with scree (2700-3000m), open ground and high valleys.


Population and threats: The population decreased in the early 1950’s. In recent years the distribution has expanded into former ranges. It is estimated that there are 15-30 per 100 ha in the Mongolia Altai Range. 3-30 in Khangai. Poaching for medicinal use is common. Cold spells in the summer reduce hatching success by 40%; survival to adultood is 5-10%. Predators include eagles, Northern goshawks, Snow leopards, lynxes, wolves, and foxes; nests are raided and juveniles preyed upon by badgers and Stone martens in winter.


Conservation measures: Hunting prohibited since 1953. Listed as rare animal in the Annex to the Mongolian Government Resolution #7 (2012), the Mongolia Red Book. (1987, 1997). Majority of the distribution area is included within then NSPAN.


Further actions: Assess population abundance, distribution, migration pattern, reflect the species in the SSPA’s conservation management plan, improve conservation measures, put a stop to illegal hunting, poaching and trade, include in the CITES, Annex, implement captive. breeding programs, constantly promote public awareness programs.


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