- Altai Snowcock
- Tetraogallus altaicus (Gebler, 1836)
- Galliformes - Phasianidae
- Алтайн хойлог
Status: Rare species. Endemic. According to the IUCN Red List categories
and criteria, the species evaluated as – Near Threatened.
Distribution and Range: Russian Altai, Sayan Range, Siilkhem and eastern Tagnyn range. In
Mongolia: Mongol Altai, Govi-Altai Mountains i.e., Tsambagarav, Kharkhiraa,
Turgen, Asgat, Khukh Serkh, Munkh Saridag, Sutai, Khuren Khairkhan, Jinst
Khairkhan, Khongor Khairkhan, Alag Khairkhan, Jargalant Khairkhan, and Sagil
Mountains in Mongol and Gobi-Altai. Khangai, Khan Khukhii and Khovsgol
Habitat: Forest-steppe in high mountains, cliffs and rock outcrops with
scree (2700-3000m), open ground and high valleys.
Population and threats: The population decreased in the early 1950’s. In recent years
the distribution has expanded into former ranges. It is estimated that there
are 15-30 per 100 ha in the Mongolia Altai Range. 3-30 in Khangai. Poaching for
medicinal use is common. Cold spells in the summer reduce hatching success by
40%; survival to adultood is 5-10%. Predators include eagles, Northern goshawks,
Snow leopards, lynxes, wolves, and foxes; nests are raided and juveniles preyed
upon by badgers and Stone martens in winter.
Conservation measures: Hunting prohibited since 1953. Listed as rare animal in the
Annex to the Mongolian Government Resolution #7 (2012), the Mongolia Red Book.
(1987, 1997). Majority of the distribution area is included within then NSPAN.
Further actions: Assess population abundance, distribution, migration pattern,
reflect the species in the SSPA’s conservation management plan, improve
conservation measures, put a stop to illegal hunting, poaching and trade,
include in the CITES, Annex, implement captive. breeding programs, constantly
promote public awareness programs.