Classification
Gaviiformes
Podicipediformes
Pelecaniformes
Ciconiiformes
Phoenicopteriformes
Anseriformes
Falconiformes
Galliformes
Gruiformes
Charadriiformes
Columbiformes
Cuculiformes
Strigiformes
Caprimulgiformes
Apodiformes
Coraciiformes
Upupiformes
Piciformes
Passeriformes
Phasianus colchicus (Common Pheasant)


  • Common Pheasant (Ring-Necked Pheasant)
  • Phasianus colchicus Linnaeus, 1758
  • Galliformes - Phasianidae
  • Зэрлэг гургуул


 

Status: Rare species. According to the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, the species evaluated as-Near Threatened.


Distribution and Range: Resident species in high mountains of the Russian Federation, Iran, Afganistan, China, Korea, and Indo-China. In Mongolia: Great Khyangany range, Buir Lake, Guu, Azarga, Khalkh, Shine, Emnegt, Huiten, Avdrant, Khovd River riparian forests and Zerghyin Valley, and Achit Lakes shores with reed thickets.


Habitat: Sandy soils with scrubs, bushes, aspens, birches, and other mixed threes, in high bushy thickets.


Population and threats: Threats: livestock overgrazing in the areas of the species habitat in the spring, beginning of the summer, end of fall, destroys the habitat; local residents living near the Bokhmoron, Khovd, Khalkh, and Nomrog Rivers basins cut down excessive amount of bushes and shrubs for fuel degrading the species habitat. Additional threats: spring and fall forest fires, poaching, sudden drops in temperatures, cold spells, excessive snow coverage and snow storms, preyed upon by wolves, red foxes, dogs.


Conservation and measures: Hunting prohibited since 1975. Included as Rare animal in the Annex to the Mongolian Government Resolution #7 (2012), included in the Mongolian Red Book (1987, 1997). In 1976 and 1977, about 10 pheasants were captured from riparian forest of the Khovd River, and attempted to breed them in captivity at an experimental breeding center near Ulaanbaatar. The habitat is partially included within the NSPANS.


Further actions: Employ cooperative conservation methods of natural resource management at certain breeding and summering habitats for the species, involve the local residents, raise awareness, provide food supply during dzud, restore population abundance by establishing experimental breeding centers in the Khovd, Nomrog Rivers valleys, raise awareness.


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