Classification
Gaviiformes
Podicipediformes
Pelecaniformes
Ciconiiformes
Phoenicopteriformes
Anseriformes
Falconiformes
Galliformes
Gruiformes
Charadriiformes
Columbiformes
Cuculiformes
Strigiformes
Caprimulgiformes
Apodiformes
Coraciiformes
Upupiformes
Piciformes
Passeriformes
Grus monacha


  • Hooded Crane

  • Grus monacha Temminck, 1835

  • Gruiformes - Gruidae

  • Хар тогоруу



Body length: 91-100 cm

Wing span: 160-180 cm

Migration: Apr.-May; Sep.-Oct.

Food: Insects, amphibians, plants, berries, roots, seeds, and grass.
 


Status:
Very rare species. Accroding to the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, the species evaluated as-Vulnerable.


Distribution and Range: Breeds in Yakutsk, Primorsk and Khavarovsk in Russia. Winters in China, Japan and Korea. It migrates to Mongolia for the summer after nesting in the wetlands of the Siberian coniferous taiga. Large populations with hundreds of birds are found along the Ulz and Kherlen Rivers. Occurs in the Tsagaan Sumiin Valley of Arkhangai Aimag.


Habitat: Wetland of taiga. Lakes and river valleys, and adjacent crop fields.


Population and Threats: About 10 cases of migration and summering were recorded in the Arkhangai, Overkhangai, Zavkhan areas. In the agricultural fields of Ulz over 700 were estimated in the spring of 1990, and 2079 recorded in 1991, 107 sighted in 1992 and 1891 seen in 1994. At the end of September 1994, over 1000 birds were seen flocked together. Global population abundance estimated at 7 thousand individuals in the spring 2012, 22 individuals were sighted in the Aikhan Lake valley. Diminishing water levels in the lakes and ponds where the birds of this species rest during migration passage or summering affect the species population.


Conservation Measures: Hunting was prohibited since 1995. Included in the CITES, Annex I and CMS, Annex II, the Mongolian Red Book (1987, 1997), and the Asia Red Data Book for Birds (2001). The habitat is partially included within the State Special Protected Areas.


Further actions: Included in the Mongolian Red List of rare animals, support and create conditions condusive to stable reproduction, growth. During the breeding, summering periods of the birds, restrict use of the lakes with reeds for livestock and summer camp, organize public awareness programme.

 

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