English: Water Rail,
European Rail, Indian Water Rail
Russian: Водяной пастушок
Mongolian: Усны түнжүүр, Түнжүүр
Japanese: クイナ (Kuina)
length: 23-26 cm.
at thick-reeded shallow lakes and sedge marshes. Northern breeders winter in W
and SW Europe. Usually hidden away on reedbed floor or among dense sedge, but
sometimes seen scurrying across a muddy gap in reeds; in winter, may come out
onto open ice.
Rather small with rounded rear body, flat breast and quite long neck, and long,
narrow, slightly decurved bill. At distance looks rather dark; just
undertail-coverts gleaming light (white with buff admixed). Moves cautiously
one moment, nimbly the next; files into cover with rapid wingbeats and dangling
Black-spotted olive-brown above, ‘face and breast dark blue-grey, flanks and
belly barred black and white. Bill red with darker culmen and tip, legs dirty
Throat and centre of breast white, sides of head and breast brownish and
diffusely barred; often suggestion of darker mask and narrow pale line over
lores. Reduced red on bill.