Classification
Gaviiformes
Podicipediformes
Pelecaniformes
Ciconiiformes
Phoenicopteriformes
Anseriformes
Falconiformes
Galliformes
Gruiformes
Charadriiformes
Columbiformes
Cuculiformes
Strigiformes
Caprimulgiformes
Apodiformes
Coraciiformes
Upupiformes
Piciformes
Passeriformes
Chlamydotis undulata (Houbara Bustard)


  • Houbara  Bustard
  • Chlamydotis undulata (Jacquin, 1784)
  • Gruiformes - Otididae
  • Жороо тоодгой



Status: Very rare species. According to the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, the species evaluated as-Vulnerable.


Distribution and Range: Semi deserts of Central Asia, Arabia and Africa. In Mongolia, the Great Lakes Depression, the Valley of the Lakes, Southern Altai Gobi, Galba Gobi and Nomin Govi. Occurs occasionally in the Gobi and desert mountains at 2700m. Eastern edge of the range extends to the Tsagaan Els in Dornogobi Aimag, the western edge to the Southern Altai Govi, northern slopes of the Mongol Altai and Govi-Altai Mountains, from the southern slopes of the Khangai Mountains to Erdeneburen soum in Khovd Aimag, to the north-west spreads to Davst and Malchin Soums of Uvs Aimag. Patchydistribution.


Habitat: Ranges across semi deserts, deserts, valleys between mountains up to elevation of 2700m above sea level. Plains and small sandy hills, with saxual, pea trees and pea shrubs, Nitraria spp., anabasis, sparse spear grass, Salsola corniculata and Allium polyrhizum.


Population and Threats: It is estimated that there are 200-300 Bustards in Mongolia. A survey conducted July-September 1975-1981 recorded approximately 50 individuals. 7 individuals were recorded along a transect of 500km from Dornogobi Aimag through Borzongiin Govi, Southern Altai Govi and Nomingiin Govi in July-August of 1985, 1987 and 1989. Illegal hunting, breeding habitat distubances had considerably reduced the population. Falcons and eagles prey on fledgelings as well as mature adults.


Conservation Measures: Included as Very rare animal in the Mongolian Hunting Law, Annex, CITES Annex I, the Mongolian Red Book (1987, 1997) and the Asia Red Data Book for Birds (2001). The Habitat is partially included within the NSPAN.


Further Actions: Research on its distribution, population abundance and reproductive biology; improve conservation efforts in the habitat area, increase population through captive breeding programs, raise public awareness about conservation.


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