Eurasian Dotterel, Common Dotterel
Mongolian: Урианхайн цагаанхиазат, Урианхайн сүвээ цагаан
French: Pluvier guignard
Japanese: コバシチドリ (Kobashi-chidori)
Body length: 20-24 cm
Breeds high in mountain areas with low cover and scree, often preferring partly
flat areas; also on open tundra. Occurs northerly
breeding sites mostly mid Jun- mid Aug. Rare on migration, often singles or in
small groups on arable or short-grass fields. Foot insects. Nest is bare scrape.
♂ does most of incubation and care of young. Some ♂♂ are extremely tame just
before eggs hatch.
Somewhat smaller than Golden Plover, and is slightly more compact, with shorter
neck and wings and proportionately larger head with smaller bill. In all
plumages, has long white or ochrous-buff supercilium and plain upperwing with
narrow pale leading edge (white shaft to outermost primary).
- Adult summer:
Combination of orange-rusty breast, black and white breast-band and well-marked
white supercilium contrasting with dark, hindcrown makes it unmistakable; as
with phalaropes, ♀ is brighter-coloured, smarter than ♂.
- Adult ♀ winter:
Greyish breast and flanks tinged buff, with faint whitish breast-band, and
upperpart feathers and larger wing-coverts blackish-brown with neat-creamy-buff
fringes broken at tip by black central streak; underparts have on average more
obvious dark mottling on breast and upper flanks.
- 1st winter: Told by retained