English: Black Lark
Russian: Чёрный жаворонок
French: Alouette negre
Japanese: クロコウテンシ (Kuro-kotenshi)
Body length: 18-20 ½ cm.
Breeds on natural steppe, often near marshes and saltpans. Locally common.
- Adult ♂: Large,
all back, with bill heavy and straw-coloured; in autumn, pale fringes cover
much of black. Song-flight often with wingbeats in slow motion. Display-flight
at low level with very high, stiff wingbeats or dove-like glides; tumbles down
to court ♀ with raised tail and lowered wings and neck.
- Adult ♀: Brown-grey,
blotched dark; plumage rather variable, some resemble Calandra Lark, having a
larger dark patch on side of breast. Note, however, dark legs, no wide white
trailing edge of wing, and usually obvious blotching below. Underwing-coverts
almost black, clearly darker than wing-feathers.