Wren, Northern Wren, European Wren
Mongolian: Халгайч урагчин, Уран бялзуухай
French: Troglodyte mignon
Body length: 9-10 ½ cm.
Breeds in woodland with dense undergrowth, in
overgrown clearings and scrub, often in rank streamside growth and gardens,
also on barren islands with hedges, shrubbery, walls etc. Fond of dense patches
created by uprooted trees, piles of branches from forestry, dense bushes of
bramble, roses, etc. Resident in much of Europe, but migratory in
Fenno-Scandia, wintering in W Europe.
Identification: Very small, and this reinforced by ludicrously small tail that is usually
raised vertically, also by short neck. Reddish-brown above and sullied
brownish-white below with fine dark vermiculations. A rather subdued pale
brownish-white supercilium is about the only plumage feature that sticks out.
Bill quite long, pointed and slightly decurved. Sexes and ages alike. –
Variation: rather slight in spite of wide distribution, but birds on
northernmost British Isles, Faroes (borealis) and Iceland (islandicus) are
progressively darker and have longer bill and legs.