Green-headed, Northern Mallard
Mongolian: Зэрлэг нугас
Japanese: マガモ (Ma-gamo)
Body Length: 50-60 cm
Wing span: 81-95 cm
Breeding season: May-September
Egg number: 10-12 (occasionally 7-16)
Egg color: Glossy pale green
Brood: 1 per year
Global status: Least concern
Regional status: Least Concern
Habitat: Most familiar duck, and ancestor of domestic duck. Breeds
in parks, bu canals in towns, on eutrophic lakes, woodland marshes, seashores;
accepts very small waters (tiny pools, ditches, etc.) Resident in much on
Europe except in N an E, where it retreats from the ice in winter. Wide range
of nest sites: under bush, tree-hole, artificial nest-basket, near or on
with stocky build. Head and bill large, tail short. In flight, looks heavy,
wings rather blunt-tipped and broad, especially at base, wingbeats moderately
quick. Legs orange. Often told by size, shape, and dark blue speculum very
prominently bordered white.
♂ breeding: Head metallic green, narrow white neck-collar, breast
purplish-brown, rest of body largely pale grey, stern black, central
tail-feathers upcurled; the bill is uniform dull yellow.
♀: Streaked brown, crown and eye-stripe darker, leaving pale supercilium; bill
orange, with blackish culmen irregularly invading sides of bill at centre;
outer tail-feathers dusky buff-white; in flight, note medium dark belly and
♂ eclipse: Like ♀, but bill uniform yellow, breast tinged rufous and less well,
marked; head slightly more contrasting.
Very similar to adult ♀.
Vegetable matter, usually obtained by upending.