Bushchat, Hodgson’s Bushchat German: Mattenschmatzer
Russian: Большой чекан
Mongolian: Өгөөлэй шулганаа
French: Tarier de Hodgson
Japanese: オオノビタキ (O-nobitaki)
Status: Rare species. According to the IUCN Red List categories and
criteria, the species evaluated as- Near Threatened.
Distribution and Range: Winters in Southeastern Altai, Siikhem range, northwestern parts
of the China, Himalaya mountain range in Indo-China peninsula, Nepal, North
Bengal. In Mongolia: Distributed throughout high mountain ranges of Altai and
Khangai. In the Mongolian Altai Range system: Siilkhem, Tsast, Munkhairkhan,
Khokh Serkh, Khasagtkhairkhan mountains and estuaries of the Borig, Khujirt,
Bodonch Rivers, and Ulaan Davaa Crossing; In the Khangai Mountain Range:
Otgontenger, Chuluut, Buyant, Bumbat, Bogd, Zavkhan, Shargaljuut and Ongiin
Rivers, in areas with elevation above 2100m.
Habitat: High mountains, taiga, mountain-steppes and wetland damp
meadows. These species nest and forage in Mongol Altai at elevation of
2500-3100m above sea level (a.s.l), at Munkhkhairkhan at 2800-3100m a.s.l., at
the Dayan Nuur at 2600m, Ulaan Davaa crossing and the Bodonch river mouth at
2600m a.s.l., Khangai Mountain at 2400-2600m a.s.l.
Population and Threats: Population not assessed. Extreme air and soil temperature
fluctuations, sudden drops of temperature at high mountains negative affects
eggs and chicks survival and development.
Conservation measures: Included as Rare animal in the Annex to the Mongolian Government
Resolution #7 (2012). Most of the nesting habitats are included within the NSPAN.
Further actions: Study its distribution, population abundance, reproductive
biology, create and implement a conservation management plan for high altitude
birds, raise public awareness.