Mongolian: Цагаанхөмсөгт нугас
Japanese: シマアジ (Shimaaji)
Body length: 37 - 41 cm
Wing span: 59 - 67 cm
Breeding season: May-September
Egg number: 8-11
Egg color: Creamy-buff with greenish tints.
Brood: 1 per year
Global status: Least concern
Regional status: Least concern
Habitat: Breeds on shallow, eutrophic fresh waters in lowland and
steppe habitats. Nests in tussock on lakeside meadow.
Summer visitor (mainly April-September); strictly migratory, wintering in
Africa. Never seen in large flocks in northern part of range (though often in
Slightly larger than Teal, with longer and straighter bill, and o average
slightly longer tail. In flight, wings are slightly paler (especially outer
wing). Only rarely upends, prefers to skim surface (dabble) or dip head (Teal
♂ breeding: Head purple-brown with white crescent over eye to side of nape;
breast dark brown, flanks pale grey; scapulars black and white, pointed. In
flight, pale, dull blue-grey upper forewing and sharp contrast between white
belly and dark breast.
♀: Resembles Teal, but told by slightly larger size; longer, straighter
all-grey bill (no orange at the base); hint of darker stripe across cheeks and
or pale oral patch at base of bill, making head look more striped; lack of pale
patch at base o tail-side. Further, ♀ Garganeys often have quite clean, pale
creamy chin/throat compared with ♀ type Teals. In flight, grey-brown forewing
much as on Teal, but slightly paler outer wing, and lacks broad white
midwing-bar (has narrow only), and has broad white trailing edge to secondaries
in ♀, but retains adult ♂ wing with pale blue-grey forewing.
Like adult ♀, but belly is less pale, and white training edge to secondaries is
Food: Grazes in wet meadows, and marshy areas with short vegetation.