English: Pine Grosbeak
Mongolian: Нарсны шүршүү
French: Durbec des sapins
Japanese: ギンザンマシコ (Ginzan-mashiko)
Breeds in taiga, usually in mature, undisturbed coniferous forest with some
birch and berry-bearing shrubs. Probably mainly resident, but in some autumns
mass southward eruptions occur (usually and Oct and in Nov). Unobtrusive and
retiring during breeding, but in winter quite fearless (old Swedish colloquial
name ‘silly fool’), and flocks may then readily feed on rowan berries in gardens
and roadside trees in town centres. Food seeds, buds and shoots of e.g. spruce
and birch, also berries of rowan, bilberry, cowberry etc. In dense forest
sometimes forages quietly down in shrub layer. Nests in tree against trunk,
usually of spruce.
Thrush-sized, hefty body and thickset, neckless silhouette; long-tailed. Bill
short and deep with curved culmen. In all plumages, double white wing-bar
(greater and median coverts have white tips and narrow white outer edges) and
white outer edges to tertials contrasting with otherwise greyish-black wings.
Flight powerful and fast, in deep undulations.
- Adult ♂: Greater part of plumage
raspberry-red (with touch of light grey); mantle /back and uppertail-coverts
- ♀/1st -year ♂: Red colour of adult ♂ replaced by