English: Red Crossbill,
Russian: Обыкновенный клёст
Mongolian: Гацуурын солбинхушуут
French: Bec-croise des sapins
Japanese: イスカ (Isuka)
Breeds in conifers, including smallish clumps, prefers spruce. Commonest
and most widely distributed crossbill, but numbers fluctuate regionally. Nests high up.
Very similar to Parrot Crossbill (which see), but is a trifle smaller, with
proportionally somewhat smaller head, slimmer neck and smaller bill. Note that
bill is longer than it is deep, with culmen only moderately curved. Lower
mandible less deep than upper and lower edge lacks obvious S-shape with bulging
- Post-juvenile ♂: Head, underparts and rump brick-red, on some with
variable amount of yellow-orange and greyish-green (not strictly age-related).
- Post-juvenile ♀: Grey-green or dull yellowish-green, unstreaked below, rump
often pale yellow. Back and head-sides brownish, wings and tail dark brown-grey.
- Juvenile: Grey, with boldly streaked underparts. Some streaked feathers can
remain through 1st winter. (For rare variant with narrow pale wing-bars, see
under Two-barred Crossbill.)