English: Northern Shoveler, Common Shoveler, European Shoveler
Mongolian: Халбага нугас
Japanese: ハシビロガモ (Hashibiro-gamo)
length: 51-62 cm
span: 79-87 cm
Passage migrant/ summer visitor
Breeding season: May-September
Egg number: 8-12
Egg colour: Creamy-buff or olive tinted
Brood: 1 per year
Global status: Least concern
Regional status: Least Concern
Habitat: Breeds on shallow eutrophic lakes with rich vegetation,
or marshes with sufficient open water. Largely migratory. Although fairly common and
widespread, usually seen in pairs or smaller parties only.
Medium large duck with short neck but strikingly long and broad bill, giving
front-heavy look both when swimming and in flight. Wing rather evenly broad,
but appearing slightly narrower than on Mallard.
♂ breeding: Unmistakable; head green (appearing black at distance), breast
white, belly and flanks vividly chestnut. Upper forewing pale blue, speculum
green, bordered white at front.
♀: Resembles Mallard except for huge bill, and belly dark brown, contrasting
with white underwings; speculum dull green-grey without white trailing edge
(white bar at front only, being narrower towards body), and upper forewing dull
♂ eclipse: As adult ♀, but especially flanks and belly more rufous-tinged, head
darker, and pale blue upper forewing retained.
As adult ♀,
but crown and hindneck darker, and belly slightly paler.
Grazes in wet meadows with short vegetation and insects.