Classification
Gaviiformes
Podicipediformes
Pelecaniformes
Ciconiiformes
Phoenicopteriformes
Anseriformes
Falconiformes
Galliformes
Gruiformes
Charadriiformes
Columbiformes
Cuculiformes
Strigiformes
Caprimulgiformes
Apodiformes
Coraciiformes
Upupiformes
Piciformes
Passeriformes
Aythya nyroca


  • Ferruginous Pochard, Ferruginous Duck
  • Aythya nyroca. (Guldenstadt, 1770)
  • Anseriformes - Anatidae
  • Ундар шумбуур



Status: Rare species. According to the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, the species evaluated as-Vulnerable.


Distribution and Range: Occurs in the Russian Federation from south of the its European territories, from Ural to Tyumen. Distributed in Western Europe, Northwestern Africa, South Asia; Winters in the Mediterranean Sea, Africa, South Somalia, Southwestern Asia, Myanmar. Bulgan River in the Mongol Altai Range, the Darkhad Depression Boontsagaan Lake, Khar Us, Ogii Lakes in Khuvsgul Aimag, Baga Lake in Uvs Aimag.


Habitat: In Mongolia, summer visitor and passage migrant. Fresh water and saline lakes, ponds, large pools of water with reeds and sedges.Builds nests in reedbeds.


Population and Threats: Population not assessed. Threats: decreasing water levels in the lakes where the species migrate through or summer, some lakes drying up is have negative impacts on the species survival chances. In addition, increased number of motorized boats on the lakes causes distrubances to the species livelihood. Especially establishment of the Dorgon and Taishir hydroelectric power stations caused significant drop in water levels in the Zavkhan River, Airag and Zost Lakes, with reduction in reeds, created unfavorable conditions for this species. Fishing with nets on the Ogii, Boontsagaan, Khar Khovsgol Lakes gets this species who dives for their food stuck in those nets causing accidental deaths. Additional threats are: water pollution, use of reeds, avian flu, raptors such as Saker and Peregrine Falcons, Whitetailed Eagle. The habitat is partially included within the NSPAN.


Conservation Measures: Listed as Rare animal in the Annex to the Mongolian Government Resolution #7 (2012), Included in the Annex II of the Convention on International Trade on Endangered Species (CITES), the Asia Red Data Book for birds (2001), and the Mongolian Red Book (1987, 1997).


Further Actions: Study the species reproductive biology, ecology improve the conservation measures for waterfowl and endangered birds in the NSPAN, conduct monitoring projects.


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