English: Egyptian Vulture,
Indian Vulture, Scavenger Vulture
Russian: Стервятник, Обыкновенный стервятник
Mongolian: Дэлт ёлон, Дэлт бүргэд
Japanese: エジプトハゲワシ (Ejiputo-hagewashi)
Body Length: 55-65 cm
Wing span: 155 -170 cm
Habitat: Rare summer visitor mainly to mountains in Mediterranean
area, more common only in Spain/NW Africa and Turkey; winters in Africa. Declining.
Food carrion, offal at refuse dumps, etc. Nests on cliffs.
Medium-large. Flight silhouette characteristic, with wedge-shaped tail
(slightly shorter than width of wing) and small head with narrow, long bill;
wings comparatively broad and well ‘fingered’. Had on silhouette fairly flat
when soaring; more arched when gliding, with primaries lowered. Flight with
rather slow and deep wingbeats. Peculiar white centres of flight-feathers on
upperparts unique. Adult: Body, head, tail, lesser and median wing-coverts
white; head, neck, breast and mantle with a varying degree of yellowish or
grey-brown tinge. Strong contrast on underside between white parts and black
flight-feathers. Yellow cere and bare skin on head show up at some distance.
Dark brown, with strongly contrasting ochrous-buff (bleaching to whitish) broad
tips to tail-feathers, upperwing-coverts and feathers of mantle, rump,
scapulars and lower belly/vent. With wear, this plumage becomes more dull
brown, lacking in contrast. There is some variation, too: some juveniles have
less prominent light tips and look more uniform brown than others.
Plumage less distinctly patterned, more dull brown, with pale or whitish
feathers first appearing in 2nd summer on upper mantle, rump/lower back, belly
and wing-coverts. Adult pattern gradually acquired over c. 5 years.