status: Fully protected by Khar Us Lake National
description: The Khar Lake is
one of freshwater lakes in the Great Lakes Depression. The Chonokhairkhan River
flows into the lake from northwest and Teel River flows out to the northeast.
The lake is connected to Durgun
Lake through the Khom Channel and Nogoon Lake.
There are narrow horns at the northwest and southeast inlets of the lake and
here grows dense reeds and rushes, so it becomes favorable place for birds. The
lake freezes over from November to April. The lake is surrounded by semi-desert
vegetation. A wet meadow along the Chonokhairkhan River is used for hay
production. In the winters, fishery takes place at the site. There are several
cases that people and livestock are poisoned by poisonous algae, which have an
ability to multiply in short period. It is always difficult to make an
assessment of the lake’s fish resource because it’s not covers the lake fully.
In addition, regulated and unregulated fishing still taking place in large
amounts. The lake is included in Ramsar site.
threatened bird species such as Dalmatian Pelican (Pelecanus crispus), White-headed Duck (Oxyura
Goose (Anser cygnoides) and Pallas's Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus
leucoryphus) occur at the site. Great Crested Grebe (Podiceps cristatus),
Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo), Greylag Goose (Anser anser),
Bar-headed Goose (A. indicus), Ruddy Shelduck (Tadorna ferruginea),
Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula), Common Merganser (Mergus merganser), Common Crane (Grus
grus), Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) and Caspian Tern (Sterna
caspia) occur, exceeding 1% of their flyway populations, during spring and
flora and fauna: Lake Osman (Oreoleuciscus
angusticephalus) and Mongolian Grayling (Thymallus revirostris),
listed in Red Data Book of Mongolia, are live in the lake. The rarest plant
species of Mongolia such as Dwarf white waterlily (Nymphaea
Nyphur pumilum are grow here. There is small saxaul grove in the
southwest of the lake. This area is the northernmost location of this tree.