Ikh Bogd mountain

Surface area: 86.440ha

Protection status: Partially protected by Ikh Bogd National Park.

Site description: The highest part of Govi-Altai mountain range, Ikh Bogd is located on the borders of Bogd, Jinst and Bayangovi soums, Bayankhnogor province. The highest peak is Terguun Bogd, which is bare without rocks and vegetations. The southern and northern foothills of mountain are surrounded by semi-desert vegetation zones. South-facing slopes of the mountain have many wide, open valleys, while north-facing slopes are steeper and have narrow rocky valleys with big rocks. Subalpine grassy meadows dominate from mid to high elevations without trees and shrubs. Vertical vegetation belts can be found on the mountain. The powerful earthquake of December 1957 resulted in major changes in the landforms that formed deep new lakes. The major use of land is livestock grazing.

Importance for birds: Globally endangered, White-throated Bushchat (Saxicola insignis) occurs at the site. Rare bird species of Mongolia, including Bar-headed Goose (Anser indicus), Himalayan vultures (Gyps himalayensis), Altai Snowcock (Tetraogallus altaicus) and Mongolian Ground Jay (Podoces Hendersoni) are common in Ikh Bogd Mountain and its foothills.

Special flora and fauna: Ikh Bogd Mountain is rich in wildlife, including rare mammals such as Argali or Mountain sheep (Ovis ammon), Siberian Ibex (Capra sibirica), Stone Marten (Martes foina), Pallas’s Cat (Felis manul), Eurasian Lynx (Lynx lynx) and Snow Leopard (Uncia uncial), Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)and Corsac Fox (Vulpes corsac). The site also rich in rare alpine plants and so far, a total of 500 vascular plants of 51 families have been recorded.

Photo by: D.Batbold