Elevation: 1,750-4,021 m
protected by Khangain Nuruu National Park.
description: Khangain Nuruu
National Park is spectacular landscape that represents biodiversity of Khangai
mountain range. There can be found vertical vegetation belts, ranging from
mountain steppe to montane forest, taiga and alpine meadow. The dominant forest
types are larch, pine and mixed forests. Several rivers, flanked by dense
riparian forests, originate from Khangai mountains. The major use of land is
livestock grazing. There are many soum centers around the Khangai mountains.
The main threats to site are pollution from mining, soil erosion, lumbering,
degradation of pastureland. Poaching also puts biodiversity at risk.
birds: Globally threatened
bird species such as Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug), Swan Goose (Anser
cygnoides), Lesser Kestrel (F. naumanni), Pallas’s Fish-eagle (Haliaeetus leucoryphus),
Eastern Imperial Eagle (Aquila heliacal), and Falcated
Duck occur at the site. The
site also supports bird species restricted to the Eurasian steppe and dessert
and boreal forest biome, including Ural Owl (Strix uralensis), Pallas’s Rosefinch (Carpodacus
roseus), Arctic Warbler (Phylloscopus
borealis), Western Capercaillie (Tetraourogallus) and
Black-billed Capercaillie (T. parvirostris).
flora and fauna: Rare
mammals such as Siberian Ibex (Capra
sibirica), Argali (Ovis ammon), Lynx (Felis lynx), Red Deer (Cervus
elaphus), Snow Leopard (Uncia uncial), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) and Pallas's Cat (Felis manul) are common at the site. Rare plants and
insects spcies, included in the Red Data Book of Mongolia, are can be found