Elevation: 700-1,200 m
status: Fully protected
by Ugtam Mountain Nature Reserve.
Site description: The site
comprises Ulz river valley and the lakes along the valley, and their
surrounding areas characterized by deciduous forest and mountain steppe zone.
There is riparian forest along the valley. Rare plants such as Spirea pubescens, Viburonum mongolicum and
Sophia avescens grow at the site. Ugtam Mountain is located in the southest of
Khentii mountain range and at the end of Daguur steppe. However, it is
considered that there are no potential threats at the site, protection and
management activities not practicing at all. The major land use is livestock
grazing. Ugtam monastery operates in this mountain and prayers visit to
monastery. The major thereats at the site are illegal logging, wildfire and
birds: Over 250 bird
species have been recorded at the site. Globally Threatened species such as
White-naped Crane (Grus vipio), Saker Falcon (Falco cherrug),
Lesser Kestrel (F.naumanni), Swan Goose (Anser cygnoides),
Hooded Crane (G. monacha) and Great Bustard (Otis tarda) occur at the site. Steppe Eagles (Aquila nipalensis), White-tailed
Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) and Demoiselle Crane (Anthropoides
virgo) regularly breed here. White-naped Crane (Grus vipio), restricted to the
East Asian Crane Site Network, occur here, exceeding 1%
of their flyway populations.
flora and fauna: Red Deer (Cervus
elaphus), Siberian Roe Deer (Capreolus pygargus), Wild Boar (Sus
scrofa), Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gutturosa), Lynx (Felis lynx) and Pallas’s Cat (Felis
manul), listed in Red Data Book of Mongolia, occur at the site. Large head
of Mongolian Gazelle (Procapra gutturosa) roam at the site during the springs and autumns.