- Population: 3 238 480 (2018:est).
- Ethnicity/ race: The 90 percent of the populations consists of Mongol (Khalkh).
- It has over 20 ethnic groups.
- Administratively, it is divided into 3 cities, 22 aimags.
- The 51 percent of total population is female, 49 percent is male.
- The youths under age 35 taken up 63 percent of population.
- Average life expectancy is 61.97-66.48.
Approximately 180000 families are nomadic.
- The 93.5 percent of children aged 6-18 is covered in primary and secondary education.