• Larus relictus Lonnberg, 1931
  • Charadriiformes
  • Laridae
  • Relict Gull

Status: Very rare species. According to the IUCN Red List categories and criteria, the species evaluated as-Endangered.

Distribution and Range: Breeds on Alakoli Lake in Kazakhstan and Tari Lake in Russia. Winters in Hebei, China. In Mongolia: breeds on Mongolia’s big lakes with reedssuch as Airag, Khyrgas, Khar Us Lake, Dorgon, Taatsyn Tsagaan, Adgiin Tsagaan, Orog, Boon Tsagaan Lakes, in the Great Lake Depression, central region Lakes, such as, Erkhel, Sangiin Dalai, Ogii, Terkhiin Tsagaan, big and small lakes near Ulz, Kherlen River basin, i.e., Galuut, Khokh, Tooroi, Khaichiin Tsagaan, Sumiin Tsagaan, Chukh and Buir Lake, Khalkh Nomrog River basin lakes, i.e., Buir, Orog, Dornodyn Khokh and Munkh Khairkhany Khukh Lakes.

Habitat: Nets in colonies on flat open islands on the fresh water and saline lakes, with reed and tall sledges.

Population and Threats: Clobal population is estimated at around 10,000 birds. There are 300-1000 around Tari Lake, approximately 1,000 around the Alakoli Lake. About 30 were recorded on the Buir, Khukh, Orog, Taatsiin Tsagaan and Bust Lakes and Ulz River. Eggs and chicks are preyed upon by other gulls and during storms waves crash over the island destroying the nest and eggs; chicks perish from hypothermia during heavy and prolonged rains.

Conservation measures: Included as very rare animal in the Mongolian law on Fauna, include in the CITES, Annex I, and CMS, Annex I, the Mongolian Red Book (1987, 1997). Distribution area is included within the Mongol Daguur, Nomrog Strictly Protected Areas.

Further Actions: Assess its distribution, population abundance, restrict breeding habitat for livestock pastures, provide and support undisturbed breeding conditions, improve the conservation management in the NSPAN.

  • TOUR CODE: 201905
  • Route:  Buir lake – Gun galuutai national park
  • Duration: 8 nights, 9 days
  • Month:  May, June, August, September
  • Zone:  Eastern Mongolia & Central Mongolia
  • Province: Dornod, Khentii, Tov
  • Total km: 1540 km

Choibalsan city, Dornod Mongolia steppe, Bayan lake, Buir lake, Khalkh river, Tashgain five lake, Kerlen river, Toson khulstai, Gun tsengeleg lake, Gun galuutai national park, Bogd mountain – Zaisangiin am, Songinii grove, UB city.


BUIR LAKE, KHALKH RIVER, TASHGAIN FIVE LAKE, GUN TSENGELEG LAKE: Asian Dowitcher, Baer's Pochard, Baikal Teal, Bean Goose, Black-headed Gull, Black-tailed Godwit, Common Crane, Common Pheasant, Common Pochard, Common Shelduck, Demoiselle Crane, Gadwall, Great Bustard, Great Cormorant, Great Crested Grebe, Grey Heron, Hooded Crane, Lesser Kestrel, Northern Lapwing, Oriental Stork, Pacific Golden-Plover, Pallas’s Sea-Eagle, Red-crowned Crane, Reed parrotbill, Relict Gull, Ruddy Shelduck, Siberian Crane, Swan Goose, White-naped Crane, Whooper Swan.

GUN GALUUTAI NATIONAL PARK: Amur Falcon, Baikal Tern, Bean Goose, Black-headed Gull, Black Redstart, Booted Eagle, Common Crane, Common Redstart, Common Tern, Daurian Starling, Demoiselle Crane, Godlewski’s Bunting, Great Bustard, Great Crested Grebe, Greater Spotted eagle, Greenish Warbler, Hodgson’s Redstart, Hooded Crane, Imperial Eagle, Japanese Crane, Lesser Kestrel, Marsh Grassbird, Marsh Hawk, Mongolian Lark, Northern Lapwing, Pallas’s Sea-Eagle, Relict Gull, Ruddy Shelduck, Saker Falcon, Short-eared Owl, Siberian White Crane, Steppe Eagle, Swan Goose, Three-toed Woodpecker, White-naped Crane, Whooper Swan, Upland Buzzard, Yellow-headed Wagtail

BOGD MOUNTAIN, SONGINO GROVE, TUUL RIVER: Amur Falcon, Azure-winged Magpie, Bar-headed Goose, Black-billed Magpie, Black Kite, Black Stork, Carrion Crow, Cinereous Vulture, Coal Tit, Common Kestrel, Common Goldeneye, Common Magpie, Common Raven, Common Redpoll, Common Rosefinch, Common Tern, Daurian Partridge, Demoiselle Crane, Eurasian Nuthatch, Eurasian Treecreeper, Golden Eagle, Goldrest, Goosander, Great Spotted woodpecker, Great Tit, Grey-headed woodpecker, Hawfinch,House Sparrow, Lesser Kestrel, Little Tern, Long-tailed Rosefinch, Mongolian Lark, Penduline Tit, Pied Wheatear, Red-billed Chough, Red Crossbill, Rufous-tailed Rock Thrush, Saker Falcon, Spotted Nutcracker, Steppe Eagle, Tree Sparrow, Upland Buzzard, White Wagtail, White-winged Crossbill, Willow Tit, Wood Nuthutch, Yellow-headed Wagtail, Yellow Wagtail


Price: Depends on the number members. Service includes: Domestic flight fares, hotel, tourist camp, road taxes, taxes for national parks, fees and taxes of city tour, driver, gasoline, guide, bird Professional guide, travel equipment, water, all meals, transport fees from/to airport and hotel.

Day 1
Arrive to Mongolia. (International flights arrives to Mongolia mostly early in the morning or afternoon past 17:00 clock.) If you arrive in morning flight we will add near city observation program. Stay at hotel near airport.
Day 2

In the morning, we will do observation around Ulaanbaatar city. After lunch, we will depart to Choibalsan city, the center of eastern region of Mongolia, and arrive around 18:00 clock. Stay night at hotel. (30 km)

Day 3

Early in the morning, we will drive to Bayan lake, passing by famous Menengiin tal and Baga khuree border line. Before the lunch we will do observation around Bayan lake and have open-air meal for lunch. Then we will drive to Buir lake, located on the border of Mongolia and China, which 90% is on Mongolian territory.  There are several associated small lakes at its east. The reeds along shoreline of Buir lake provide good nesting habitats for birds. Overnight stay in tourist camp. (290 км)

Day 4

On this day after bird watching in Altan river, we will arrive to the center of Khalkgol soum. Visit to Yalalt museum and Yalalt monument about Mongolia-Japan battle. In the afternoon, we will reach to Tashgain 5 lake to camp and do observation. We will arrive at Bayan lake, passing by Baga khuree borderline and do observation from 3 spots. Overnight stay in tent. (150 km)

Day 5

On the way back to Ulaanbaatar, we will arrive to Choibalsan city and stay in tourist camp at Kherlen river side. Bird watching around camp. (320 km)

Day 6

Drive to Toson Khulstai specially protected area and do observation around Gun Tsengeleg lake. In the afternoon, we will arrive at Chinggis city and stay night at hotel. (330 km)

Day 7

Drive to Gun galuutai specially protected area and stay at tourist camp. This site with beautiful landscape compromises small lakes, Kherlen river and steppe is the heaven to birds where we can see wetland birds.Overnight stay in tourist camp. (210 км)

Day 8

Back to Ulaanbaatar city and do shopping in Gobi cashmere factory store and souvenir shop at State Department Store. Bird watching around Zaisangiin am and Songino and stay in tourist camp near airport. (170 km)

Day 9
Depart Mongolia. 
Your email: