The first world culture: Nomadic culture is one of the oldest
cultures in the world. In 1980s US and
Russian archaeologists led joint research on the Aulet Island northeast of
Alaska and found stone tools in a tomb. The tools were similar to the tools
which Mongolian Gobi people used and it proves that the tools were from the
Gobi nomads. Those findings prove that native Americans were immigrants from
central Asia particularly from the Mongolian Gobi. 5 of the 8 islands were named
Mongolian. The findings indicate the tools were used some 20-30 thousand years
ago and nomadic culture arrived in America 20 or 30 thousand years ago.
Mongolians have left 3 major impacts in the history of humankind.
- 20, 30 thousand years ago there was a great trek to America.
- Atilla khan first opened the route linking Asia and Europe.
- Mongolian horse culture spread throughout the world by Chinggis Khaan and
Mongolian Khaan follows his livestock. He
dominated the world but he was also dependent of his livestock. But Mongolians
didn’t choose the nomadic lifestyle. They had no other options because in the
steppe between Siberian forest and Gobi desert it was impossible to develop
agriculture and because Mongolia was far away from the sea it was not possible
to use sea resources.
Mongolian herders have moved permanently seeking new pasture all year
round. The grazing livestock is very dependent of nature. In winter they
become thinner and weak, spring is their breeding season, in summer they
recuperate and in autumn they gain fat.
Animal husbandry has been the main branch of economy supplying Mongolians with
all their demand including food, clothing, transportation, and trade for