The first world culture: Nomadic culture is one of the oldest cultures in the world. In  1980s US and Russian archaeologists led joint research on the Aulet Island northeast of Alaska and found stone tools in a tomb. The tools were similar to the tools which Mongolian Gobi people used and it proves that the tools were from the Gobi nomads. Those findings prove that native Americans were immigrants from central Asia particularly from the Mongolian Gobi. 5 of the 8 islands were named Mongolian. The findings indicate the tools were used some 20-30 thousand years ago and nomadic culture arrived in America 20 or 30 thousand years ago.

Mongolians have left 3 major impacts in the history of humankind.

  • 20, 30 thousand years ago there was a great trek to America.
  • Atilla khan first opened the route linking Asia and Europe.
  • Mongolian horse culture spread throughout the world by Chinggis Khaan and Bat Khaan

Mongolian Khaan follows his livestock. He dominated the world but he was also dependent of his livestock. But Mongolians didn’t choose the nomadic lifestyle. They had no other options because in the steppe between Siberian forest and Gobi desert it was impossible to develop agriculture and because Mongolia was far away from the sea it was not possible to use sea resources.
Mongolian herders have moved permanently seeking new pasture all year round. The grazing livestock is very dependent of nature. In winter they become thinner and weak, spring is their breeding season, in summer they recuperate and in autumn they gain fat.
Animal husbandry has been the main branch of economy supplying Mongolians with all their demand including food, clothing, transportation, and trade for centuries.